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“The Specter of the Tianjin Massacre,” The World of Chinese

New article for The World of Chinese Magazine…


Specter of the Tianjin Massacre

In 1870, the city of Tianjin exploded in a day of rage. By nightfall, 21 foreign residents of the city were dead, including 16 nuns dragged from an orphanage and publicly tortured to death. The still-new network of trans-continental telegraph cable spread word of the outrage around the globe.